What is Physical Therapy?
Physical therapy is a unique healing art and science that aims to rehabilitate and restore body structure and function to help people regain their quality of life. Injuries, traumas, surgeries, genetic defects, acquired deformities, metabolic dysfunction, and/or mental-emotional distress can cause alterations in the way the body moves and functions. Consequently, the body will learn to compensate, resulting in pain, dysfunction, and decreased health and well-being. This can eventually lead to a decrease in quality of life and prevent a person from enjoying the things they like to do, such as exercise, engage in sports or leisure activities, spend time with loved ones, work, travel on vacation, or just have fun.
Physical Therapists work in the areas of: prevention, rehabilitation, wellness, fitness, health promotion, and management of disease and disability. As such, physical therapists can treat and provide 3 distinct levels of care– primary, secondary, and tertiary.
- The first level is called primary prevention, and this deals with identifying injury or disease risk factors, and implementing preventive services to eliminate or reduce those risk factors. This can help people avoid and prevent injuries and health problems that disrupt their quality of life and/or ability to maintain functional independence.
- The next level therapists treat at is called secondary prevention, and this deals with the prevention of (and slowing the progression of) functional decline and disability. This can help people enhance their ability to continue participating in work, school, sport, recreation, and/or chosen life roles.
- The last level is called tertiary prevention, and this level of care deals with reducing the degree of disability by restoring (or preventing the further deterioration of) skills and independence in people with chronic health conditions. This can help those people achieve optimal activity, independence, and participation in society.
What are the components of a physical therapy program?
Physical therapy in usually includes the following components:
A physical therapist uses the initial assessment to gather subjective and objective information. The assessment process includes gathering a past medical history, identifying any present conditions or concerns, and utilizing objective hands-on techniques and visual observation skills to establish baseline data from which a plan of care can be established, goals set, and progress measured.
Assessment of the following may be performed:
* Overall Posture, Alignment, and Structural Integrity of the body.
* Muscle Tone, Joint Stability, and Circulatory Function.
* Range of Motion and Flexibility.
* Muscle Strength and Endurance.
* Level of Cardiovascular Fitness.
* Body Mechanics for Activities of Daily Living (ADL’s) or Sport Performance.
* Locomotor Skills: the quality of how you walk, move, and/or ambulate.
* Balance and Agility.
* Body Awareness.
* Sensation and Neurological Functioning.
* Cognitive Functioning.
* Screening of Bodily Systems for potential dysfunction or disease.
* Body Composition (height, weight, body fat vs. muscle mass)
* Diet and Lifestyle Habits.
*This list is not all-inclusive.
Comprehensive Plan of Care
Once an initial assessment has been completed, a comprehensive plan of care is then established. The plan of care will be customized to meet an individual’s needs and goals.
Hands-on Techniques– such as joint or soft tissue mobilization and stretching to help decrease pain, promote relaxation, improve circulation, restore posture, alignment, and muscle balance; improve muscle, organ, and nerve function, and help restore movement potential.
Therapeutic Exercise– This may include: flexibility and strength training, posture and body awareness training, balance training, gait (walking) training, endurance and cardiovascular fitness training, functional mobility training such as: bending, squatting and reaching, specific skill training such as: jumping, running, climbing, kicking, throwing, or other sport specific skills, or relaxation exercises to manage stress and pain.
Modalities– This may include: heat, cold, traction, electrical stimulation, and biofeedback may be included in a rehab program to help manage pain, promote relaxation, improve circulation, improve body awareness, and restore function.
Education- This may include education and empowerment so you can become an active participant in the rehabilitation process. This may include practical advice or helpful tips regarding: injury prevention, exercise safety, stress and pain management, diet and lifestyle changes, general wellness, and providing resources that may help aid in the rehabilitation process.
The reassessment process is used to determine the level of progress that has been made in rehabilitation, whether any additional intervention techniques or strategies are needed, and when a person is ready to be discharged from a rehabilitation program to continue on their own.
What kinds of conditions can physical therapy help treat?
Chronic pain including: Neck Pain, Back Pain, Extremity Pain, Headaches, Myofascial Pain, Neuropathic Pain, Muscle Spasms, Scar Tissue
Athletic injuries including: Ankle sprains, Knee Ligament Tears, Shoulder Rotator Cuff Problems, Neck and Back Strains, Tennis Elbow, Jumper’s Knee, IT Band Syndrome (Runner’s Knee)
Overuse syndromes including: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Arthritis, Bursitis, Thoracic Outlet Syndrome, Tendinitis
Musculoskeletal problems including: Poor Posture, Scoliosis, Degenerative Disc Problems, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Muscle Weakness and Atrophy
Neurological disorders including: Stroke, Brain Injuries, Concussions, Spinal Cord Injuries, Seizures
Developmental Disorders including: Learning Disabilities, ADD, Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Developmental delay, Dyslexia
Other health concerns including: Urinary Incontinence, General Deconditioning, Sexual and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction, Digestive Problems, Cardiopulmonary Issues, Diabetes, Obesity, Cancer, Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue, Scar Tissue
*Note: This list is not meant to be all inclusive. If you don’t see a specific condition here, please Contact Dr. SAM if you would like to know if physical therapy could help improve your quality of life.
How long do physical therapy sessions generally last?
Physical therapy sessions with Dr. SAM generally last 30-60 minutes depending on needs and goals. All participants always receive one-on-one attention by Dr. SAM to ensure high quality treatment is provided and optimal results are achieved!
How is Dr. SAM’s rehab approach truly unique?
Dr. SAM’s unique comprehensive approach focuses on bringing about optimal health, healing, and well-being! Dr. SAM’s Chain-of-Health SystemTM has been used to successfully rehabilitate thousands of people and help them overcome various health challenges. Participants, clients, and patients not only become well, but are empowered to take charge of their health so they can continue to stay well for a lifetime!
Dr. SAM also provides private, customized, high-quality therapy sessions! This means you will see him privately one-on-one –WITHOUT distractions, interruptions, or frustrations– which can make ALL the difference in a successful outcome!
Click here for testimonials>>> Testimonials
Is physical therapy Covered By Insurance?
It depends on an individual’s health insurance benefits. Dr. SAM operates on a cash basis and DOES NOT file insurance claims. (However, you may file claims yourself and attempt to receive reimbursement.) Most insurance companies do not cover physical therapy services at 100%. This means you will have to pay at least part of the cost. Payment of services may be made with cash, check, pay-pal or credit card. Please Contact Dr. SAM for details regarding rates of physical therapy services.
If I don’t have health insurance, can I still attend physical therapy?
Yes, you can pay for physical therapy services out of pocket. Again, payment of services may be made with cash, check, pay-pal or credit cards.
Do I need a referral to attend physical therapy?
No, you DON’T need a referral to attend PT. Georgia is now a ‘direct access’ state and you do not need a referral from your doctor to attend physical therapy for rehabilitation, injury prevention, wellness, or fitness reasons.
How can I schedule an appointment for physical therapy?
Click here to >>> Contact Dr. SAM
Currently practicing Physical Therapy in Roswell, Georgia